All energy sources have some impact on our environment. Fossil fuels—coal, oil, and natural gas—do substantially more harm than renewable energy sources by most measures, including air and water pollution, damage to public health, wildlife and habitat loss, water use, land use, and global warming emissions.
However, renewable sources such as wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower have less environmental impacts.
The exact type and intensity of environmental impacts vary depending on the specific technology used, the geographic location, and a number of other factors. By understanding the current and potential environmental issues associated with each renewable energy source, we can take steps to effectively avoid or minimize these impacts as they become a larger portion of our electric supply.
This program focuses on: Reforestation
Every year, since 2004, Mrs. Rima Frangieh launches a reforestation campaign and plants more than 3000 trees in different locations in the North of Lebanon.
Plants help to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the air and significantly decreases the presence of toxic gases like methane.
So only through planned reforestation, the effects of deforestation can be checked and global warming can be reduced.
Forest is a natural effective carbon sink.
Al-Midan NGO has been working hard to promote ecological tourism. Through Mr. Sleiman Frangieh, they were able to plant one million and one hundred thousands tree in Bnachii area in a successful attempt to create a forest in the area.
In this sequence, Al-Midan NGO under the support of GEF/SGP has also been working on elaborating studies to identify the forest cover and characteristics of Wadi Al Qaraqir in order to develop a suitable conservation strategy in collaboration with the concerned municipalities and ministries that will be involved in the conservation policy.
Wadi Al Qaraqir is located in Zgharta Caza, North of Lebanon at the border of Bnashii forest and it is considered as a natural corridor for Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve.
It was declared as a Natural Site in 2002 by the Ministry of Environment.
The Wadi covers an area of 20 km2 and is surrounded by Bnashii, Mereh Kfersghab, Miziaara, Mazreet el Teffah, Aslout, Bahairi, Toula, Baslouit, Ejbeh, Sehbel, Karem, Saddeh, Kfar fou and Arjes.
It has a high density of Conifers, especially open pines forest conifers.
As per mammals, wild bores are easily tracked; it has the only population of wild sheep in Lebanon and that is under high protection.
The Wadi is famous for its waterfall and richness in historical and religious sites: Roman bridge, churches, and convents.
In addition, Al-Midan knows the importance of rural development and the green community. Hence, Al-Midan makes sure to visit the technical school in Zgharta on an ecological day to highlight this matter and inspire the students to follow this path.
Also, Al-Midan gets involved in visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial mass tourism, can help build awareness around the importance of the environment and how to preserve it to remain clean and safe.
Solid Waste Management:
Al-Midan NGO has always been a pioneer in encouraging the initiatives that will assist people to go green and save their environment. Al-Midan launched its new project “Sorting at the source in 10 municipalities”.
The project aimed at sorting from the source in more than 2000 residential, commercial, touristic and educational units in the designated municipalities.
This announcement is the offspring of a series of awareness meetings and training workshops on appropriate techniques and tolls with the relevant parties and followed by a detailed plan with radical solutions for the solid waste management within the Zgharta district.
This project was supported by Mercy Corps Lebanon and funded by the UKAID in cooperation with the residents, the local administrations of municipalities, the Union of Municipalities, the environmental associations and experts.
Water treatment plant:
Al-Midan is building the water treatment plant in Bnachii which targets three municipalities. This project aims to improve the quality of water to make it more acceptable for a specific end-use.
The end use may be drinking, industrial water supply, irrigation, river flow maintenance, water recreation or many other uses, including being safely returned to the environment.
It is to be noted that water treatment removes contaminants and undesirable components or reduces their concentration so that the water becomes fit for its desired end-use.
This treatment is crucial to human health and allows humans to benefit from both drinking and irrigation use.